Understanding Verb

The Verb is an action word. It describes the action of the noun. It also shows the time of action. Any main sentence is constructed with  

    1. Subject
    2. Predicate – Verb + Complement/Object
    3. Object
    4. Complement.
1. The Subject is the noun part of the sentence and the ‘doer’ of the action.

E.g. Sita sings a song.

2. The Predicate shows the action of noun with relation to the object or complement.

E.g. Sita sings a song.

3. The Object is also a noun which shows what is being done.

E.g. Sita sings a song.

4. The Complement completes the sentence and also gives additional information about it.

Sita sings a song to the audience.

Important Verbs: There are four kinds of verb which are needed to construct a sentence.

1. Main verb: No sentence can be framed without a main verb.

E.g. Rama is a boy

2. Auxiliary verb: Auxiliary verb is mainly used in Continuous and Perfect tenses.

E.g. a. The  teacher  is      teaching   a   lesson.

3. Transitive Verb: The verb which has an object in a sentence is called a transitive verb.

E.g. 1.  Rama ate the food.

4. Intransitive Verb: Mostly intransitive verbs will not have an object. But they may have a complement.

E.g. 1. Birds fly – No object / No complement

Birds fly in the sky. – Complement.

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Understanding Noun

The Noun is a naming word. It denotes the names of people, places, things and animals.

Examples:

People             –           Rama, Sita, Ravi, Raji

Places             –           Mylapore, Chennai, India, Delhi

Things              –           Table, Chair, Computer, Car

Animals            –           Lion, Tiger, Cat, Cow

There are five kinds of noun.

  1. Proper Noun
  2. Common Noun
  3. Collective Noun
  4. Abstract Noun
  5. Material Noun

(a)   Proper Noun refers to the name of a particular person, place or animal.

E.g.      1.         Rama               is         a          boy

(b)  Common Noun refers to the names of objects or people in common.

E.g.      1.         India    is         a          big      country

c)  Collective Noun: As the name denotes the collective noun refers to the group

of people or objects.

E.g:      1. The herd of sheep               crosses                        the road.

d) Abstract Noun: The emotions which can be felt by us, but cannot be seen are classified as abstract nouns.

E.g: Oh! God, Save me!!, Kindness, Sincerity

e) Material Noun: All minerals and metals are known as Material Noun.

E.g:  Coal, Gold, Silver
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Introduction to Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech:

  1. Noun
  2. Verb
  3. Adjective
  4. Adverb
  5. Pronoun
  6. Article
  7. Preposition
  8. Conjunction
  9. Interrogation
  10. Exclamation

These are called the parts of speech. The parts of our body are assimilated to form the human body by our Creator, God, to enable us to live comfortably on this earth. Similarly the parts of speech are important to form the structure of the language.

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